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Raw Milk Safety


Is Raw Milk From The Family Cow Laboratory Tested for Safety?

Yes. Our Organic Raw Milk is third-party tested for:

  1. (SPC) Standard Plate Count bacteria test. This is not a pathogen test per se, but is more of an indicator test to confirm general hygiene. PA raw milk standards require us to be 5 X cleaner than milk going for pasteurization. (sample taken from a finished bottle each time we bottle & every other day from bulk tank)
  2. (PI) Preliminary Incubation bacteria test. This is also an indicator test to confirm general hygiene, but the sample is actually incubated for about a day to further heighten the sensitivity to perhaps catch something that the SPC may not have shown. This one is not required for raw milk sales, but we do it weekly anyway just for our own knowledge and to verify our sanitation protocol. (sample taken bi-weekly from final packaged bottle & every other day from bulk tank)
  3. (SCC) Somatic Cell Count is another indicator test which is reflective of the health and well-being of the cows and the strength of their immune system. (sample taken bi-weekly from final packaged bottle & every other day from bulk tank)
  4. (TCC) Total Culiform Count. This count must be <10 culi/ml.  This is the same standard that public drinking water, bottled spring water, or any other for-sale-to-the-public drink must pass. (sample taken from a finished bottle each time we bottle)
  5. Salmonella (sample taken from final packaged bottle.) - zero tolerance
  6. E.coli-O157:H7 (sample taken from final packaged bottle) - zero tolerance
  7. Listeria monocytogenes (sample taken from final packaged bottle) - zero tolerance
  8. Campylobacter jejune (sample taken from final packaged bottle) - zero tolerance

Also, Our Organic Cows are blood tested by a licensed veterinarian every year to be verified free of:

  1. Bovine tuberculosis - zero tolerance
  2. Brucellosis - zero tolerance

Of these 10 milk sanitation and herd health tests, only the first 3 are required in order to sell milk to the pasteurizer. The other 7 are extra PA state tests required to sell raw milk intended for direct human consumption.

Here are the most recent results:

Family Cow Milk Test Results


 

What is The Family Cow Voluntary Raw Milk Safety Protocol?

At The Family Cow we voluntarily go beyond the state requirement for testing of raw milk. We do this extra testing for your peace of mind, the safety of your families and out of abundance of caution. Testing is tedious and expensive. It would be easier and cheaper to only test at the state required minimum.

To our knowledge, we are the only PA dairy, raw or pasteurized, which tests in the final retail-ready container at this frequency. Some experts in microbiology have cautioned us that testing with this level of intensity is not a wise business move because, in their words, “If you look that hard and test that frequently, you will be sure to have a positive test sometime. Then your farm and food will have bad press, while those who test less frequently or never, will look good!”

Well, of course we recognize and understand the logic and truth of that statement, but there is an ethical side to the equation which always grounds us and brings us back to our true north. And that is this: When it comes to your family’s safety, it’s not the government’s standards that we are trying to live up to… it’s yours. We have faith that you will appreciate our caution, honesty, transparency and forthrightness. Maybe it’s not best for business but if it’s best for you… it’s good enough for us.

For more on the "why" of our testing, read The Heart of Your Farmer.


 

Does all this extra pathogen testing make The Family Cow raw milk extra safe?

We are 5th generation dairy farmers on this ‘Shank Family Farm’ and each generation grew up drinking raw milk even though we did not test the milk for pathogens. So, it’s technically not correct to say that the testing ‘makes’ our milk safe. The testing is more of a verification that we continue to produce safe milk…a scientific, laboratory verification of what we as a family personally experience.


 

What else can you do to verify raw milk safety?

Believe it or not, there is actually more that we do. In fact this last point might be the most meaningful. It is definitely the most personal.

My wife Dawn and I and our six children drink several gallons of raw milk from every batch that we bottle for our customers. We are like the king’s tasters!

In all fairness, I must say that our family does not specifically drink the raw milk as a test of safety. Rather, it is simply this: we, like you, want the safest, highest quality, raw, organic, grass-fed, Jersey milk to nourish us and our children…we know where to get it…and we trust it completely.

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